Angiotensin II activation of cyclin D1-dependent kinase activity

Genichi Watanabe, Richard J. Lee, Chris Albanese, William E. Rainey, Daniel Batlle, Richard G. Pestell*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Scopus citations


Angiotensin II (AII) binds to specific G protein-coupled receptors and is mitogenic in adrenal, liver epithelial, and vascular smooth muscle cells. Since the cyclin D1 gene encodes the regulatory subunit of the cyclin D1- dependent kinase (CD1K) required for phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein (pRB), an essential and rate-limiting step in G1 phase progression of the cell cycle, we examined the effect of AII on cyclin D1 expression and CD1K activity in the human adrenal cell line H295R. AII (10-6 M) stimulated G1 phase progression within 12 h, with a maximal effect after 72 h. This action was antedated by the induction of cyclin D1 mRNA (3-fold), cyclin D1 nuclear protein abundance (4-fold), and CD1K activity (4-fold). AII induced cyclin D1 promoter activity 4-fold, via the AT1 receptor through an enhancer sequence at -954 base pairs. c-Fos and c-Jun bound the cyclin D1 -954 enhancer sequence, and the abundance of c-Fos within this complex was increased by AII treatment. AII induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activity 7-fold, and dominant-negative mutants of either p21(ras) or ERK reduced AII-stimulated cyclin D1 promoter activity. These findings suggest that AII may stimulate mitogenesis by increasing CD1K activity through a p21(ras)/ERK/activator protein 1 pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22570-22577
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number37
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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