Angiotensin II receptors from peritransplantation through first-year post-transplantation and the risk of transplant coronary artery disease

Mohammed Yousufuddin, Daniel J. Cook, Randall C. Starling, Ashraf Abdo, Philip Paul, E. Murat Tuzcu, Norman B. Ratliff, Patrick M. McCarthy, James B. Young, Mohamad H. Yamani*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives We evaluated whether the angiotensin II (Ang II) receptors from perioperation through one-year post-transplantation predict the transplant coronary artery disease (TCAD) progression. Background The role of Ang II receptors (type 1: AT1R; type 2: AT2R) in TCAD is uncertain. Methods We investigated 28 heart donors and the corresponding recipients. The levels of AT1R and AT2R messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) were examined in lymphocytes from the donor spleen and in the donor heart at one-week and one-year posttransplantation to determine their association with the progression of TCAD, measured as changes in maximal intimal thickness (CMIT) and plaque volume (CPV) by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) examinations. Results The AT1R mRNA in lymphocytes from the donor spleen (CMIT: r = 0.73, p < 0.0001; CPV: r = 0.69, p < 0.0001) and in the donor hearts at one-week (CMIT: r = 0.52, p = 0.005; CPV: r = 0.56, p = 0.002) and at one-year (CMIT: r = 0.63, p < 0.0001; CPV: r = 0.43, p = 0.004) post-transplantation along with AT2R mRNA in the donor hearts at one-year post-transplantation (CMIT: r = 0.3, p < 0.0001; CPV: r = 0.53, p = 0.009) were univariate predictors, whereas AT1R mRNA in lymphocytes and in the donor hearts at one-year post-transplantation proved to be multivariate predictors of the progression of TCAD. Conclusions These data suggest a role for Ang II receptors in the pathogenesis of TCAD and support a novel concept that TCAD may have its origin in the donor per se and may be modulated by the recipient's inherent biological factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1565-1573
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume43
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 5 2004

Keywords

  • ACE
  • Ang II
  • angiotensin II
  • angiotensin II type 1 receptor
  • angiotensin II type 2 receptor
  • angiotensin-converting enzyme
  • ATR
  • ATR
  • changes in maximal intimal thickness
  • changes in plaque volume
  • CMIT
  • CPV
  • HBSS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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