Anisotropy and strong-coupling effects on the collective mode spectrum of chiral superconductors: Application to Sr2RuO41

James A. Sauls*, Hao Wu, Suk Bum Chung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Recent theories of Sr2RuO4 based on the interplay of strong interactions, spin-orbit coupling and multi-band anisotropy predict chiral or helical ground states with strong anisotropy of the pairing states, with deep minima in the excitation gap, as well as strong phase anisotropy for the chiral ground state. We develop time-dependent mean field theory to calculate the Bosonic spectrum for the class of 2D chiral superconductors spanning 3He-A to chiral superconductors with strong anisotropy. Chiral superconductors support a pair of massive Bosonic excitations of the time-reversed pairs labeled by their parity under charge conjugation. These modes are degenerate for 2D 3He-A. Crystal field anisotropy lifts the degeneracy. Strong anisotropy also leads to low-lying Fermions, and thus to channels for the decay of the Bosonic modes. Selection rules and phase space considerations lead to large asymmetries in the lifetimes and hybridization of the Bosonic modes with the continuum of un-bound Fermion pairs. We also highlight results for the excitation of the Bosonic modes by microwave radiation that provide clear signatures of the Bosonic modes of an anisotropic chiral ground state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number36
JournalFrontiers in Physics
Issue numberJUN
StatePublished - Jun 5 2015


  • Anisotropic pairing
  • Broken time-reversal
  • Chirality
  • Collective modes
  • Microwave spectroscopy
  • Strontium ruthenate
  • Superconductivity
  • Superfluid He

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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