Anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background at degree angular scales: Python V results

K. Coble*, M. Dragovan, J. Kovac, N. W. Halverson, W. L. Holzapfel, L. Knox, S. Dodelson, K. Ganga, D. Alvarez, J. B. Peterson, G. Griffin, M. Newcomb, K. Miller, S. R. Platt, G. Novak

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Observations of the microwave sky using the Python telescope in its fifth season of operation at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station in Antarctica are presented. The system consists of a 0.75 m off-axis telescope instrumented with a HEMT amplifier-based radiometer having continuum sensitivity from 37 to 45 GHz in two frequency bands. With a 0°.91 × 1°.02 beam, the instrument fully sampled 598 deg2 of sky, including fields measured during the previous four seasons of Python observations. Interpreting the observed fluctuations as anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background, we place constraints on the angular power spectrum of fluctuations in eight multipole bands up to l ∼ 260. The observed spectrum is consistent with both the COBE experiment and previous Python results. There is no significant contamination from known foregrounds. The results show a discernible rise in the angular power spectrum from large (l ∼ 40) to small (l ∼ 200) angular scales. The shape of the observed power spectrum is not a simple linear rise, but has a sharply increasing slope starting at l ∼ 150.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L5-L8
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume519
Issue number1 PART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 1999

Keywords

  • Cosmic microwave background
  • Cosmology: observations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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