Diagnostic ultrasound has become an integral component of the process of antenatal testing for birth defects. In this article, we address the role of ultrasound in relation to three areas: Determination of the level of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in maternal serum (MS) as a screening test for detection of craniospinal defects (CSD) or other abnormalities. Amniocentesis and examination of amniotic fluid (AF) for AFP and fetal karotype. Diagnosis of some specific structural congenital anomalies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology