Oncolytic viruses are promising therapeutics that can selectively replicate in and kill tumor cells. However, repetitive administration of viruses provokes the generation of neutralizing antibodies (nAbs) that can diminish their anticancer effect. In this work, we selected DNA aptamers against the antigen binding fragment (Fab) of antivesicular stomatitis virus polyclonal antibodies to shield the virus from nAbs and enhance its in vivo survival. For the first time, we used flow cytometry and electrochemical immunosensing to identify aptamers targeting the Fab region of antibodies. We evaluated the aptamers in a cell-based infection assay and found that several aptamer clones provide more than 50% shielding of VSV from nAbs and thus have the potential to enhance the delivery of VSV without compromising the patient's immune system. In addition, we developed a bifunctional label-free electrochemical immunosensor for the quantitation of aptamer-mediated degree of shielding and the amount of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) particles. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was employed to interrogate the level of VSV in a linear range from 5 × 104 to 5 × 106 PFU mL-1 with a detection limit of 104 PFU mL-1.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of the American Chemical Society|
|State||Published - Oct 17 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry