Antibody-mediated lung endothelium targeting: In vivo model on primates

I. V. Balyasnikova, D. C. Yeomans, T. B. McDonald, S. M. Danilov*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


We have recently provided evidence that angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a rational target and anti-ACE monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are suitable molecules for directing gene/drug delivery into the pulmonary endothelium of rodents. As a step towards gene therapy clinical trials using this approach, the present study evaluated the potential of anti-ACE mAbs for in vivo lung endothelium targeting in 10 species of primates. Cross-reactivity of 10 distinct mAbs directed to human ACE with ACE from baboon, macaques, cercopithecus and chimpanzee revealed that the highest binding with ACE from baboon and macaques was with mAb i2H5, from chimpanzee - mAb 9B9, and from human - 9B9 and i2H5. Thereafter, in vivo biodistribution of mAbs i2H5 and 9B9 was estimated in Macaca arctoides. MAb i2H5, which binds to macaque ACE with substantially higher affinity than mAb 9B9, also more effectively accumulates in their lungs than mAb 9B9. Immunospecificity of lung accumulation (mAb/control IgG ratio) was 37 for i2H5 and 0.5 for 9B9. Lung selectivity of i2H5 uptake (lung/blood ratio) was around 10. Therefore mAb i2H5 may be useful for in vivo lung targeting in non-human primates, whereas 9B9 may be most useful in primates that are closer to humans (chimpanzee). A combination of these two mAbs may be particularly useful for human clinical trials of gene/drug therapy for lung disorders such as pulmonary hypertension and lung metastases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)282-290
Number of pages9
JournalGene therapy
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2002


  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme
  • Gene delivery
  • Monkey
  • Monoclonal antibodies
  • Pulmonary endothelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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