Antimüllerian hormone and leukocyte aging markers in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study

Catherine Kim*, Eli Puterman, Lifang Hou, James C. Slaughter, James G. Terry, Melissa F. Wellons

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: To examine whether premenopausal reproductive age, as indicated by serum antimüllerian hormone (AMH), is associated with leukocyte aging biomarkers. Design: Prospective cohort analysis. Setting: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study, a population-based study of Black and White adults from four US communities (Birmingham, AL; Chicago, IL; Minneapolis, MN; Oakland, CA). Patient(s): Premenopausal women with serum AMH measures at examination year 15 as well as leukocyte aging markers. Intervention(s): None. Main Outcome Measure(s): Telomere length, mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mtDNA) copy number, and intrinsic and extrinsic epigenetic age acceleration (EAA) at examination years 15, 20, and 25 as well as change between examination years. Result(s): Women were 40.2 (standard deviation, 3.7) years of age at examination year 15 when the AMH and initial measures of telomere length and mtDNA copy number (n = 386) were obtained and EAA occurred. After adjustment for chronological age, race, and smoking history, AMH quartile at examination year 15 was not associated with telomere length at examination years 15 and 25 or telomere length change between these years, mtDNA copy number at examination years 15 and 25 or change between these years, or intrinsic EAA at examination years 15 and 20 or change between these years. Women in the second AMH quartile had faster extrinsic EAA than women in the lowest AMH quartile (β-coefficient, 1.84; 95% confidence interval, 0.20–3.49). Conclusion(s): In a population-based cohort, AMH did not have associations with leukocyte telomere length, mtDNA copy number, or intrinsic EAA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-133
Number of pages9
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2022


  • antimüllerian hormone (AMH)
  • epigenetic
  • mitochondrial DNA copy number
  • telomere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Reproductive Medicine


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