Antioxidants modulate the antiproliferative effects of nitric oxide on vascular smooth muscle cells and adventitial fibroblasts by regulating oxidative stress

Elaine K. Gregory, Ashley K. Vavra, Edward S. Moreira, George E. Havelka, Qun Jiang, Vanessa R. Lee, Robert Van Lith, Guillermo A. Ameer, Melina R. Kibbe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: S-nitrosothiols (SNO) release nitric oxide (NO) through interaction with ascorbic acid (AA). However, little is known about their combined effect in the vasculature. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of AA on SNO-mediated NO release, proliferation, cell cycle progression, cell death, and oxidative stress in vascular cells. Methods: Vascular smooth muscle cells and adventitial fibroblasts harvested from the aortae of SpragueDawley rats were treated with AA, ± S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO), or ± diethylenetriamine NONOate (DETA/NO). NO release, proliferation, cell cycle progression, cell death, and oxidative stress were determined by the Griess reaction, [ 3H]-thymidine incorporation, flow cytometry, trypan blue exclusion, and 5-(and-6)chloromethyl-2′, 7′dichlorodihydrofluorescein staining, respectively. Results: AA increased NO release from GSNO 3-fold (P <.001). GSNO and DETA/NO significantly decreased proliferation, but AA abrogated this effect (P <.05). Mirroring the proliferation data, changes in cell cycle progression induced by GSNO and DETA/NO were reversed by the addition of AA. GSNO- and DETA/NO-mediated increases in oxidative stress were significantly decreased by the addition of AA (P <.001). Conclusions: Despite causing increased NO release from GSNO, AA reduced the antiproliferative and cell cycle effects of GSNO and DETA/NO through the modulation of oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)536-540
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume202
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011

Keywords

  • Ascorbic acid
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Nitric oxide
  • Peripheral arterial disease
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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