Antiproton Flux, Antiproton-to-Proton Flux Ratio, and Properties of Elementary Particle Fluxes in Primary Cosmic Rays Measured with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station

M. Aguilar, L. Ali Cavasonza, B. Alpat, G. Ambrosi, L. Arruda, N. Attig, S. Aupetit, P. Azzarello, A. Bachlechner, F. Barao, A. Barrau, L. Barrin, A. Bartoloni, L. Basara, S. Başecmez-Du Pree, M. Battarbee, R. Battiston, J. Bazo, U. Becker, M. BehlmannB. Beischer, J. Berdugo, B. Bertucci, V. Bindi, G. Boella, W. De Boer, K. Bollweg, V. Bonnivard, B. Borgia, M. J. Boschini, M. Bourquin, E. F. Bueno, J. Burger, F. Cadoux, X. D. Cai, M. Capell, S. Caroff, J. Casaus, G. Castellini, I. Cernuda, F. Cervelli, M. J. Chae, Y. H. Chang, A. I. Chen, G. M. Chen, H. S. Chen, L. Cheng, H. Y. Chou, E. Choumilov, M. Velasco, (AMS Collaboration)

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Abstract

A precision measurement by AMS of the antiproton flux and the antiproton-to-proton flux ratio in primary cosmic rays in the absolute rigidity range from 1 to 450 GV is presented based on 3.49×105 antiproton events and 2.42×109 proton events. The fluxes and flux ratios of charged elementary particles in cosmic rays are also presented. In the absolute rigidity range ∼60 to ∼500 GV, the antiproton p, proton p, and positron e+ fluxes are found to have nearly identical rigidity dependence and the electron e- flux exhibits a different rigidity dependence. Below 60 GV, the (p/p), (p/e+), and (p/e+) flux ratios each reaches a maximum. From ∼60 to ∼500 GV, the (p/p), (p/e+), and (p/e+) flux ratios show no rigidity dependence. These are new observations of the properties of elementary particles in the cosmos.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number091103
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume117
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 26 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Aguilar, M., Ali Cavasonza, L., Alpat, B., Ambrosi, G., Arruda, L., Attig, N., Aupetit, S., Azzarello, P., Bachlechner, A., Barao, F., Barrau, A., Barrin, L., Bartoloni, A., Basara, L., Başecmez-Du Pree, S., Battarbee, M., Battiston, R., Bazo, J., Becker, U., ... (AMS Collaboration) (2016). Antiproton Flux, Antiproton-to-Proton Flux Ratio, and Properties of Elementary Particle Fluxes in Primary Cosmic Rays Measured with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station. Physical Review Letters, 117(9), [091103]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.091103