We describe the design, synthesis, and antitumor activity of an 18 carbon α,ω-dicarboxylic acid monoconjugated via an ester linkage to paclitaxel (PTX). This 1,18-octadecanedioic acid-PTX (ODDA-PTX) prodrug readily forms a noncovalent complex with human serum albumin (HSA). Preservation of the terminal carboxylic acid moiety on ODDA-PTX enables binding to HSA in the same manner as native long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs), within hydrophobic pockets, maintaining favorable electrostatic contacts between the ω-carboxylate of ODDA-PTX and positively charged amino acid residues of the protein. This carrier strategy for small molecule drugs is based on naturally evolved interactions between LCFAs and HSA, demonstrated here for PTX. ODDA-PTX shows differentiated pharmacokinetics, higher maximum tolerated doses and increased efficacy in vivo in multiple subcutaneous murine xenograft models of human cancer, as compared to two FDA-approved clinical formulations, Cremophor EL-formulated paclitaxel (crPTX) and Abraxane (nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab)-paclitaxel).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry