Although aortopulmonary collaterals (APCs) frequently develop in patients with single ventricle palliation, there is a lack of understanding of pathophysiology, natural history, and outcomes with no universal guidelines for management and interventional practice. We conducted a study to assess the views held by interventional congenital cardiologists regarding the hemodynamic impact of APCs in patients with single ventricle palliation, and their embolization practice. An electronic survey using the Pediatric Interventional Cardiology Symposium (PICS) mailing list was conducted between February and March 2019 with one reminder sent 2 weeks after initial invitation for participation. Of the 142 interventional cardiologist respondents, 95 (66.9%) reside in North America and 47 (33.1%) worldwide. We elected to exclude the data from interventionalists outside North America in this analysis as it was not representative of worldwide practice. Hypoxemia was considered to be the most common trigger for development of APCs by 56 (58.9%) respondents. After completion of total cavopulmonary connection, 30 (31.6%) respondents reported the APC burden stays the same while 31 (32.6%) feel it decreases. In evaluating the burden of APC flow, only 4 (4.2%) reported measuring oxygen saturation at different pulmonary artery segments, 21 (22.1%) perform segmental aortic angiograms, and 18 (19%) perform selective bilateral subclavian artery angiograms. A majority of respondents, 71 (74.7%), occlude the feeder vessel at different locations, while 10 (10.5%) occlude only the origin of the vessel. Our study demonstrates significant variation in the understanding of the cause and prognosis of APCs in patients with single ventricle palliation. Furthermore, there is variation in the approach for diagnosis and management among interventional cardiologists. Further studies are required to improve understanding of APCs and develop universal management guidelines.
- Aortopulmonary collaterals
- Single ventricle physiology
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine