Apgar scores and umbilical cord arterial pH in the breech neonate

M. L. Socol*, L. Cohen, R. Depp, S. L. Dooley, R. K. Tamura

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Apgar scores and umbilical cord arterial pH measurements of 449 singleton breech deliveries are compared retrospectively to those of 1425 singleton vertex neonates. In the vaginal deliveries the Apgar scores and umbilical arterial pH were higher for the vertex neonates. There were no differences in either Apgar scores or umbilical arterial pH between the breech and vertex neonates delivered by cesarean section. Whereas Apgar scores in the < 1000 g and ≥ 2500 g weight groups were lower in the breech neonates delivered vaginally compared to cesarean section, umbilical arterial pH measurements were similar. The data suggest that liberal use of cesarean section may improve the Apgar scores but will probably not appreciably improve the acid-base status of the breech neonate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-43
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 1988


  • Apgar scores
  • Breech
  • Umbilical arterial pH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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