Apologies, Expectations, and Violations: An Analysis of Confirmed and Disconfirmed Expectations for Responses to Apologies

Benjamin W. Chiles, Michael Elwood Roloff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

After hurting someone, individuals will sometimes apologize. Research has not explored the degree to which individuals expect their apologies to be accepted and the reactions individuals have when apologies are not accepted. The researchers use Expectancy Violation Theory to understand the relationship between expectations, responses to apologies. The researchers gathered data on hurtful events using critical event questionnaires, and results indicated that while accepting an apology is positively evaluated by apologizers, this relationship is moderated by their expectations of acceptance prior to the actual response to the apology. Limitations and directions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-77
Number of pages13
JournalCommunication Reports
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Apologies
  • Expectancy Violation Theory
  • Expectations
  • Hurtful Events
  • Interpersonal Communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Communication
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

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