Apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain inflammasomes mediate IL-1b response and host resistance to Trypanosoma cruzi infection

Grace Kelly Silva, Renata Sesti Costa, Tatiana Nunes Silveira, Braulia Costa Caetano, Catarina Veltrini Horta, Fredy Roberto Salazar Gutierrez, Paulo Marcos Da Matta Guedes, Warrison Athanásio Andrade, Mariana De Niz, Ricardo Tostes Gazzinelli, Dario Simões Zamboni, João Santana Silva*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

The innate immune response to Trypanosoma cruzi infection comprises several pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), including TLR-2, -4, -7, and -9, as well as the cytosolic receptor Nod1. However, there are additional PRRs that account for the host immune responses to T. cruzi. In this context, the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptors (NLRs) that activate the inflammasomes are candidate receptors that deserve renewed investigation. Following pathogen infection, NLRs form large molecular platforms, termed inflammasomes, which activate caspase-1 and induce the production of active IL-1b and IL-18. In this study, we evaluated the involvement of inflammasomes in T. cruzi infection and demonstrated that apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC) inflammasomes, including NLR family, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3), but not NLR family, caspase recruitment domain-containing 4 or NLR family, pyrin domain-containing 6, are required for triggering the activation of caspase-1 and the secretion of IL-1b. The mechanism by which T. cruzi mediates the activation of the ASC/NLRP3 pathway involves K+ efflux, lysosomal acidification, reactive oxygen species generation, and lysosomal damage. We also demonstrate that despite normal IFN-γ production in the heart, ASC-/- and caspase-1 -/- infected mice exhibit a higher incidence of mortality, cardiac parasitism, and heart inflammation. These data suggest that ASC inflammasomes are critical determinants of host resistance to infection with T. cruzi.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3373-3383
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume191
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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