Apoptosis in Human Fibrosarcoma Cells Is Induced by a Multimeric Synthetic Tyr-Ile-Gly-Ser-Arg (YIGSR)-containing Polypeptide from Laminin

H. William Schnaper, Motoyoshi Nomizu, Yoshihiko Yamada, Hynda K. Kleinman1, Woo Ho Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

The YIGSR (Tyr-De-Gly-Ser-Arg) peptide, derived from the laminin β chain, decreases tumor metastasis and growth in experimental animals. The mechanism responsible for this inhibition is not known. We now report that a 16-mer branched form of YIGSR, synthesized by the multimeric antigen peptide system, induced the apoptosis of HT-1080 cells in vitro at 30 ug/ml (approximately 3 μm). Tumor cells treated with this peptide showed the expected morphological changes associated with apoptosis, acridine orange staining of nuclei, increased numbers of 3’-OH ends of DNA in nuclei, a DNA ladder pattern on agarose gels, and increased transforming growth factor β1, mRNA by Northern blot The specificity of this peptide was confirmed by inhibition of apoptosis with a neutralizing antibody to the peptide. In addition, the branched 16-mer peptides of scrambled sequence did not induce apoptosis. Our in vitro results suggest that apoptosis may play a role in the antimetastatic and antitumor effects associated with the YIGSR peptide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5005-5010
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Volume54
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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