Application of color Doppler flow mapping to calculate orifice area of St Jude mitral valve

Dominic Y. Leung, James Wong, Leonardo Rodriguez, Min Pu, Pieter M. Vandervoort, James D. Thomas*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background - The effective orifice area (EOA) of a prosthetic valve is superior to transvalvular gradients as a measure of valve function, but measurement of mitral prosthesis EOA has not been reliable. Methods and Results - In vitro flow across St Jude Valves was calculated by hemispheric proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) and segment-of-spheroid (SOS) methods. For steady and pulsatile conditions, PISA and SOS flows correlated with true flow, but SOS and not PISA underestimated flow. These principles were then used intraoperatively to calculate cardiac output and EOA of newly implanted St Jude mitral valves in 36 patients. Cardiac output by PISA agreed closely with thermodilution (r=0.91, Δ=-0.05±0.55 L/min), but SOS underestimated it (r=0.82. Δ=-1.33±0.73 L/min). Doppler EOAs correlated with Gorlin equation estimates (r=0.75 for PISA and r=0.68 for SOS. P<0.001) but were smaller than corresponding in EOA estimates. Conclusions - Proximal flow convergence methods can calculate forward flow and estimate EOA of St Jude mitral valves, which may improve noninvasive assessment of prosthetic mitral valve obstruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1205-1211
Number of pages7
Issue number12
StatePublished - Sep 22 1998


  • Echocardiography
  • Mitral valve
  • Prosthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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