Application of decellularized human reticular allograft dermal matrix promotes rapid re-epithelialization in a diabetic murine excisional wound model

David Dolivo, Ping Xie, Chun Hou, Yingxing Li, Abigail Phipps, Thomas Mustoe, Seok Hong*, Robert Galiano

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background aims: The treatment and care of human wounds represent an enormous burden on the medical system and patients alike. Chronic or delayed healing wounds are characterized by the inability to form proper granulation tissue, followed by deficiencies in keratinocyte migration and wound re-epithelialization, leading to increased likelihood of infection and poor wound outcomes. Human reticular acellular dermal matrix (HR-ADM) is one type of tissue graft developed to enhance closure of delayed healing wounds that has demonstrated clinical utility through accelerating closure of lower extremity diabetic ulcers, but the mechanisms underlying this clinical success are not well understood. Methods: The authors utilized a diabetic murine splinted excisional wound model to investigate the effects of HR-ADM application on wound closure. Results: The authors demonstrate that application of HR-ADM served as a dermal scaffold and promoted rapid re-epithelialization and keratinocyte proliferation, resulting in accelerated wound closure while minimizing granulation tissue formation. HR-ADM-applied wounds also demonstrated evidence of cellular infiltration, neovascularization and collagen remodeling by the host organism. Conclusions: These data suggest that HR-ADM supports epidermal closure in delayed healing wounds and remodeling of the matrix into host tissue, lending further support to the clinical success of HR-ADM described in clinical reports.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCytotherapy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • HR-ADM
  • allograft
  • delayed wound healing
  • dermis
  • wound healing
  • wounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Transplantation

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