Application of the research electronic data capture (REDCap) system in a low- and middle income country– experiences, lessons, and challenges

O. Odukoya*, D. Nenrot, H. Adelabu, N. Katam, E. Christian, Jane Louise Holl, A. Okonkwo, M. Kocherginsky, K. Y. Kim, S. Akanmu, F. B. Abdulkareem, R. Anorlu, J. Musa, O. Lesi, Claudia A Hawkins, O. Okeke, W. L. Adeyemo, S. Sagay, Robert Leo Murphy, L. HouF. T. Ogunsola, F. H. Wehbe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The challenges of reliably collecting, storing, organizing, and analyzing research data are critical in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa where several healthcare and biomedical research organizations have limited data infrastructure. The Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) System has been widely used by many institutions and hospitals in the USA for data collection, entry, and management and could help solve this problem. This study reports on the experiences, challenges, and lessons learned from establishing and applying REDCap for a large US-Nigeria research partnership that includes two sites in Nigeria, (the College of Medicine of the University of Lagos (CMUL) and Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH)) and Northwestern University (NU) in Chicago, Illinois in the United States. The largest challenges to this implementation were significant technical obstacles: the lack of REDCap-trained personnel, transient electrical power supply, and slow/ intermittent internet connectivity. However, asynchronous communication and on-site hands-on collaboration between the Nigerian sites and NU led to the successful installation and configuration of REDCap to meet the needs of the Nigerian sites. An example of one lesson learned is the use of Virtual Private Network (VPN) as a solution to poor internet connectivity at one of the sites, and its adoption is underway at the other. Virtual Private Servers (VPS) or shared online hosting were also evaluated and offer alternative solutions. Installing and using REDCap in LMIC institutions for research data management is feasible; however, planning for trained personnel and addressing electrical and internet infrastructural requirements are essential to optimize its use. Building this fundamental research capacity within LMICs across Africa could substantially enhance the potential for more cross-institutional and cross-country collaboration in future research endeavors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalHealth and Technology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Data capture
  • LMIC
  • Redcap
  • Research collaboration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Biomedical Engineering

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