Applying a Bookmarking Approach to Setting Clinically Relevant Interpretive Standards for the Spinal Cord Injury: Functional Index/Capacity Basic Mobility and Self-Care Item Bank Scores

Pamela A. Kisala*, David Victorson, Ratna Nandakumar, Andrew Shermeyer, Denise Fyffe, Allen W. Heinemann, Trevor A. Dyson-Hudson, David S. Tulsky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To develop clinically relevant interpretive standards for the Spinal Cord Injury – Functional Index/Capacity (SCI-FI/C) Basic Mobility and Self-Care item bank scores. Design: Modified “bookmarking” standard-setting methodology, including 2 stakeholder consensus meetings with individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and SCI clinicians, respectively, and a final, combined (consumers and clinicians) “convergence” meeting. Setting: Two SCI Model System centers in the United States. Participants: Fourteen adults who work with individuals with traumatic SCI and 14 clinicians who work with individuals with SCI. Main Outcome Measures: Placement of bookmarks between vignettes based on SCI-FI Basic Mobility and Self-Care T scores. Bookmarks were placed between vignettes representing “No Problems,” “Mild Problems,” “Moderate Problems,” and “Severe Problems” for each item bank. Results: Each consensus group resulted in a single set of scoring cut points for the SCI-FI/C Basic Mobility and Self-Care item banks. The cut points were similar but not identical between the consumer and clinician groups, necessitating a final convergence meeting. For SCI-FI/C Basic Mobility, the convergence group agreed on cut scores of 61.25 (no problems/mild problems), 51.25 (mild problems/moderate problems), and 41.25 (moderate problems/severe problems). For SCI-FI/C Self-Care, the convergence group agreed on cut scores of 56.25 (no/mild), 51.25 (mild/moderate), and 38.75 (moderate/severe). Conclusions: The results of this study provide straightforward interpretive guidelines for SCI researchers and clinicians using the SCI-FI/C Basic Mobility and Self-Care instruments. These results are appropriate for the full bank, computer adaptive test, and short-form versions of the SCI-FI/C Basic Mobility and Self-Care item banks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Activities of daily living
  • Mobility limitation
  • Patient reported outcome measures
  • Rehabilitation
  • Spinal cord injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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