We evaluated the effect of aprotinin, administered before the onset of acute regional myocardial ischemia, on reversible contractile dysfunction induced by ischemia and reperfusion in pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs. Animals were randomized to receive either aprotinin 30,000 kallikrein inactivator units (KIU)/kg and 7000 KIU · kg-1 · hr-1 (n = 8) or equivalent volumes of 0.9% sodium chloride (n = 7) IV 60 min before a 15-min interruption of circumflex coronary artery blood flow and then reperfusion. There were no intra- or intergroup differences in hemodynamic variables or regional myocardial mechanics (sonomicrometry) before onset of ischemia. Immediately before reperfusion, systolic dysfunction characterized by significantly decreased percent systolic shortening was present in the circumflex coronary artery area of both study groups. After reestablishment of perfusion, aprotinin animals had preserved percent systolic shortening whereas saline animals exhibited regional systolic dysfunction. Regional myocardial contractility as assessed by the slope M(w) of the preload recruitable stroke work relation was preserved during reperfusion in animals who received aprotinin but depressed in the control group. We condude that functional recovery from myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury at normothermia is improved by IV administration of aprotinin before the onset of acute regional myocardial ischemia in physiologically intact dogs. Implications: Administration of clinically relevant doses of aprotinin IV before the onset of regional myocardial ischemia, in contrast to control conditions, preserved regional systolic function and contractility at baseline values after reestablishment of myocardial perfusion in dogs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine