Are welfare sanctions working as intended? Welfare receipt, work activity, and material hardship among TANF-recipient families

Bong Joo Lee*, Kristen S. Slack, Dan A. Lewis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

This analysis utilizes longitudinal survey and administrative data on 1998 welfare recipients in Illinois to assess whether different types of grant reductions are associated with subsequent work, welfare receipt, and hardships. Results show that imposed sanctions are inversely associated with formal work and earnings, as well as with increases in informal work, other work activities, and food hardships. Threats to sanction are unassociated with formal work and welfare outcomes but positively associated with informal work, other work activities, and rent hardship. Greater knowledge of welfare rules is associated with more formal work, less welfare receipt, and less hardship.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-403
Number of pages34
JournalSocial Service Review
Volume78
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

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