The autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia protein (ARH) is well known for its role in clathrinmediated endocytosis of low-density lipoprotein receptors (LDLRs). During uptake, ARH directly binds to the FxNPxY signal in the cytoplasmic tail of LDLR. Interestingly, the same FxNPxY motif is used in basolateral exocytosis of LDLR from recycling endosomes (REs), which is facilitated by the epithelial-specific clathrin adaptor AP-1B. However, AP-1B directly interacts with neither the FxNPxY motif nor the second more distally located YxxØ sorting motif of LDLR. Here, we show that ARH colocalizes and cooperates with AP-1B in REs. Knockdown of ARH in polarized epithelial cells leads to specific apical missorting of truncated LDLR, which encodes only the FxNPxY motif (LDLR-CT27). Moreover, a mutation in ARH designed to disrupt the interaction of ARH with AP-1B specifically abrogates exocytosis of LDLR-CT27. We conclude that in addition to its role in endocytosis, ARH cooperates with AP-1B in basolateral exocytosis of LDLR from REs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology