Arm subscore of motricity index to predict recovery of upper limb dexterity in patients with acute ischemic stroke

Laura Malmut*, Chen Lin, Nina Srdanovic, Masha Kocherginsky, Richard L. Harvey, Shyam Prabhakaran

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether the arm subscore of the Motricity Index 1 wk after stroke can predict recovery of upper limb function according to the Action Research Arm Test before inpatient rehabilitation facility discharge and at 3-mo outpatient follow-up. Design: This was a prospective cohort study of patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to a single acute care hospital and affiliated inpatient rehabilitation facility between 2016 and 2018. Upper limb dexterity of the impaired limb was assessed using the arm subscore of the Motricity Index and Action Research Arm Test. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to determine optimal cutoffs of the initial arm subscore of the Motricity Index for a good functional outcome defined as Action Research Arm Test score of 45 or higher. Results: Ninety-five patients were evaluated at median 6, 26, and 98.5 days after stroke. The median (interquartile range) arm subscore of the Motricity Index at 1 wk was 77 (20.3–93). The median (interquartile range) Action Research Arm Test scores before inpatient rehabilitation facility discharge and at 3-mo outpatient follow-up were 33 (3.5–52) and 52 (34–55.8), respectively. The optimal arm subscore of the Motricity Index to predict Action Research Arm Test score of 45 or higher before inpatient rehabilitation facility discharge and at 3-mo outpatient follow-up were 71 and 58, respectively. Conclusions: Early arm subscore of the Motricity Index at 1 wk predicts upper limb functional capacity before inpatient rehabilitation facility discharge and at 3-mo outpatient follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-304
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume99
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

Keywords

  • Cerebral Infarction
  • Rehabilitation
  • Stroke
  • Upper Limb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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