Array-CGH analysis of cell-free fetal DNA in 10 mL of amniotic fluid supernatant

Olav Lapaire, Xin Yan Lu, Kirby L. Johnson, Zina Jarrah, Helene Stroh, Janet M. Cowan, Umadevi Tantravahi, Diana W. Bianchi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Previously, we showed that analysis of amniotic fluid (AF) supernatant cell-free fetal (cff) DNA using DNA microarrays (array-CGH) allows for detection of whole chromosome differences between test and reference DNA. Subsequent technical advances have increased both the yield and quality of extracted cffDNA. Here we determined whether array-CGH using smaller volumes of both fresh and frozen AF cffDNA could identify fetal aneuploidy. Methods: CffDNA was extracted from 10 mL of residual AF supernatant. The test AF samples (n = 10) included one with a normal karyotype, and nine with the following fetal aneuploidies: trisomies 13 (n = 1), 18 (n = 3), 21 (n = 2), trisomy 9 mosaicism (47,XX,+9[18]/46,XX[2]), triploidy (69,XXY) and Turner syndrome (45,X). Results: Array-CGH using AF cffDNA from aneuploid fetuses, compared to euploid reference AF cffDNA, detected whole chromosome aneuploidy in 8 of 9 cases tested, including the case of trisomy 9 mosaicism. The case of triploidy was not detected. Conclusions: CffDNA extracted from 10 mL AF supernatant can be analyzed using array-CGH to correctly identify human chromosome abnormalities. This technology allows for rapid screening of AF samples for whole chromosomal changes by using routinely discarded supernatant, and may augment standard prenatal karyotyping techniques by providing additional molecular information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)616-621
Number of pages6
JournalPrenatal Diagnosis
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007

Keywords

  • Amniotic fluid supernatant
  • Array-CGH
  • Cell-free fetal DNA
  • Prenatal diagnosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Genetics(clinical)

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    Lapaire, O., Lu, X. Y., Johnson, K. L., Jarrah, Z., Stroh, H., Cowan, J. M., Tantravahi, U., & Bianchi, D. W. (2007). Array-CGH analysis of cell-free fetal DNA in 10 mL of amniotic fluid supernatant. Prenatal Diagnosis, 27(7), 616-621. https://doi.org/10.1002/pd.1752