Arterial swtich for repair of transposition of the great arteries was performed on 53 patients since October 1983. These patients were divided into three groups: group I, 25 infants with an intact ventricular septum who had primary repair in the first month of life (2 to 34 days of age, mean 9.7 ± 6.6); group II, 13 patients with an intact ventricular septum who had anatomic repair after a preliminary procedure (pulmonary artery banding in 13, shunt in 10, atrial septectomy in 1); and group III, 15 infants with transposition of the great arteries and ventricular septal defect. In group III, six patients had Taussig-Bing abnormality, nine had previous pulmonary artery banding, three had coarctation of the aorta repaired earlier in life, and four were less than 2 weeks old. Overall early mortality was 9.4% (5/53: group I 8%, group II 7.6%, group III 13.3%). Two late deaths occurred in group II 10 and 12 weeks postoperatively after infection and high fever. A third late death 18 weeks postoperatively was due to aspiration in an infant with Goldenhar's syndrome. Mortality and morbidity decreased significantly after an initial learning period (no deaths from July 1985 to March 1987 overall, and none in the last 15 infants operated on in group I). The surviving 45 patients are doing well. All have normal sinus rhythm. Two had transient asymptomatic arrhythmias. Left and right ventricular function assessed by echocardiogram and postoperative cardiac catheterization were within normal ranges in all but two patients, one with pulmonary vascular disease (9.6 units) observed before anatomic repair. The right ventricular pressure at catheterization ranged from 27 to 42 mm Hg in 12 patients and was 55 mm Hg in two. There was no aortic stenosis. Aortic insufficiency was trivial in three patients and mild in one. We conclude that excellent results can be obtained with arterial switch for transposition of the great arteries with or without ventricular septal defect, especially in neonates.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine