Assembly of Advanced Materials into 3D Functional Structures by Methods Inspired by Origami and Kirigami: A Review

Xin Ning, Xueju Wang, Yi Zhang, Xinge Yu, Dongwhi Choi, Ning Zheng, Dong Sung Kim, Yonggang Huang, Yihui Zhang, John A. Rogers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

46 Scopus citations


Origami and kirigami, the ancient techniques for making paper works of art, also provide inspiration for routes to structural platforms in engineering applications, including foldable solar panels, retractable roofs, deployable sunshields, and many others. Recent work demonstrates the utility of the methods of origami/kirigami and conceptually related schemes in cutting, folding, and buckling in the construction of devices for emerging classes of technologies, with examples in mechanical/optical metamaterials, stretchable/conformable electronics, micro/nanoscale biosensors, and large-amplitude actuators. Specific notable progress is in the deployment of functional materials such as single-crystal silicon, shape memory polymers, energy-storage materials, and graphene into elaborate 3D micro and nanoscale architectures. This review highlights some of the most important developments in this field, with a focus on routes to assembly that apply across a range of length scales and with advanced materials of relevance to practical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1800284
JournalAdvanced Materials Interfaces
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 9 2018



  • 3D functional structures
  • advanced materials
  • kirigami
  • origami

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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