Assesment of fatigue, monitor placement, and surgical experience during simulated laparoscopic surgery

M. L. Uhrich*, R. A. Underwood, J. W. Standeven, N. J. Soper, J. R. Engsberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic surgery requires the surgeon to assume atypical postures for extended periods of time, potentially leading to fatigue and chronic injury. This study assessed the level of muscle activity and compared the effects of fatigue, monitor placement, and surgical experience during simulated laparoscopic surgery. Methods: Four attending and four resident surgeons repeated a series of four tasks with a Viewsite and a standard operating room monitor. Electromyography (EMG) activity and muscular discomfort scores were obtained before and after a "fatigue session." Two variables, the EMG amplitudes and discomfort scores, were analyzed. Results: The EMG amplitudes generally exceed the recommended threshold limits of acceptable muscular load. EMG data and discomfort scores demonstrated a fatigue response in several muscle groups. Minimal differences between the two monitor positions were seen. Overall, the EMG data and discomfort scores showed less muscle activity and discomfort in the attending surgeons. Conclusion: Laparoscopic surgery required a relatively high muscular load, putting surgeons at risk for fatigue and injury. Altering the monitor placement did not reduce the surgeon's risk of fatigue. Experience slightly reduced the level of fatigue, but not enough to reduce the surgeon's risk category.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)635-639
Number of pages5
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2002

Keywords

  • Ergonomics
  • Laparoscopy
  • Muscle fatigue
  • Muscular workload
  • Subjective discomfort
  • Vocational electromyography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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