Assessing developmental environmental risk factor exposure in clinical high risk for psychosis individuals: Preliminary results using the individual and structural exposure to stress in psychosis-risk states scale

Teresa Vargas*, Denise S. Zou, Rachel E. Conley, Vijay A. Mittal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Exposure to cumulative environmental risk factors across development has been linked to a host of adverse health/functional outcomes. This perspective incorporating information regarding exposure at differing developmental periods is lacking in research surrounding individuals at Clinical High Risk (CHR) for developing a psychotic disorder. Methods: CHR individuals (n = 35) and healthy volunteers (n = 28) completed structured clinical interviews as well as our group’s newly developed Individual and Structural Exposure to Stress in Psychosis-risk-states (ISESP) interview. Lifetime cumulative scores were calculated, and severity of stress was reported for multiple developmental periods/ages. Group differences were tested, and associations with current symptom domains were examined. Results: Significant group differences were not observed for lifetime cumulative events, though CHR trended toward endorsing more events and greater stress severity. For stress severity across development, there were trending group differences for the 11–13 age range, and significant group differences for the 14–18 age range; notably, comparisons for earlier time points did not approach statistical significance. Associations between negative symptoms and cumulative severity of exposure were observed. Discussion: Results suggest exploring exposure to cumulative environmental risk factors/stressors and stress severity across developmental periods is generally informative and possibly specifically so for predictive models and diathesis-stress psychosis risk conceptualizations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number994
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Chronic stress
  • Clinical high risk
  • Cumulative environmental risk factors
  • Development
  • Developmental stress
  • Environmental risk factors
  • Environmental stress
  • Psychosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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