Assessing effectiveness and implementation of a perioperative enhanced recovery protocol for children undergoing surgery: study protocol for a prospective, stepped-wedge, cluster, randomized, controlled clinical trial

Mehul V. Raval*, Erin Wymore, Martha Conley E. Ingram, Yao Tian, Julie K. Johnson, Jane L. Holl

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Perioperative enhanced recovery protocols (ERPs) have been found to decrease hospital length of stay, in-hospital costs, and complications among adult surgical populations but evidence for pediatric populations is lacking. The study is designed to evaluate the adoption, effectiveness, and generalizability of a 21-element ERP, adapted for pediatric surgery. Methods: The multicenter study is a stepped-wedge, cluster-randomized, pragmatic clinical trial that will evaluate the effectiveness of the ENhanced Recovery In CHildren Undergoing Surgery (ENRICH-US) intervention while also assessing site-specific adaptations, implementation fidelity, and sustainability. The target patient population is pediatric patients, between 10 and 18 years old, who undergo elective gastrointestinal surgery. Eighteen (N = 18) participating sites will be randomly assigned to one of three clusters with each cluster, in turn, being randomly assigned to an intervention start period (stepped-wedge). Each cluster will participate in a Learning Collaborative, using the National Implementation Research Network’s five Active Implementation Frameworks (AIFs) (competency, organization, and leadership), as drivers of facilitation of rapid-cycle adaptations and implementation. The primary study outcome is hospital length of stay, with implementation metrics being used to evaluate adoption, fidelity, and sustainability. Additional clinical outcomes include opioid use, post-surgical complications, and post-discharge healthcare utilization (clinic/emergency room visits, telephone calls to clinic, and re-hospitalizations), as well as, assess patient- and parent-reported health-related quality of life outcomes. The protocol adheres to the Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) checklist. Discussion: The study provides a unique opportunity to accelerate the adoption of ERPs across 18 US pediatric surgical centers and to evaluate, for the first time, the effect of a pediatric-specific ENRICH-US intervention on clinical and implementation outcomes. The study design and methods can serve as a model for future pediatric surgical quality improvement implementation efforts. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04060303. Registered on 07 August 2019.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number926
JournalTrials
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Gastrointestinal surgery
  • Implementation
  • Pediatric enhanced recovery protocol
  • Quality improvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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