Achalasia is currently diagnosed according to the Chicago Classification v3.0 using high-resolution manometry and treatment focuses on disruption of the esophagogastric junction. A paper in this issue examines the utility of a timed barium esophagram with a 13 mm tablet challenge in differentiating Achalasia from other diagnoses, finding 100% sensitivity. However, a large proportion of patients with non-Achalasia dysphagia are also identified. Another paper in this issue proposes utilizing intraprocedure functional luminal imaging probe measurement during pneumatic dilation as a guide for upsizing dilations. This appears promising, but prospective validation is necessary before this becomes standard of care.
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