Assessing the effectiveness of community-based substance abuse treatment for adolescents

Lisa K. Dasinger, Patricia A. Shane*, Zoran Martinovich

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Adolescent Treatment Models initiative, a 10-site, multimodality, prospective study, was designed to evaluate adolescent substance abuse treatment outcomes and to assess the relative efficacy of different treatment models. Based upon longitudinal data gathered at multiple assessment points using a standardized instrument, treatment outcome trajectories were determined for a cohort of 1,057 adolescents from entry into substance abuse treatment until 12 months post-intake. Client outcomes on substance use and program effectiveness were explored across individual treatment programs and levels of care. Strong treatment effects, defined as a significant reduction in alcohol and other drug use at three months post-intake, were found. The reductions of greatest magnitude in relation to pretreatment use occurred among adolescents in residential treatment. Within level of care, few significant differences in treatment effects were found between programs. Relapse effects, defined as an increase in substance use at 12 months relative to three months, were observed across nearly all programs, but varied in relation to treatment modality. This is most evident among those entering residential treatment, with the highest rate of relapse occurring among adolescents in longterm residential treatment care. Despite strong evidence of treatment effectiveness, continuing care is vital to maintenance of treatment benefit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-33
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychoactive Drugs
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2004

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Relapse
  • Substance abuse
  • Substance use trajectories
  • Treatment outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Assessing the effectiveness of community-based substance abuse treatment for adolescents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this