Assessing the extent of provision of comprehensive medical care management for female sexual assault patients in US hospital emergency departments

Ashlesha Patel*, Alicia Roston, Sandra Tilmon, Lisa Stern, Arden Roston, Daksha Patel, Louis Keith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To describe medical services provided to sexual assault patients in US emergency departments and to identify the percentage of hospitals always providing the 10 elements of comprehensive medical care management (CMCM). Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in a national sample of US hospitals. A 26-item telephone survey assessed provision of services to sexual assault survivors in accordance with CMCM. Management included acute medical care comprising history and physical examination; acute and long-term rape crisis counseling; STI testing and prophylaxis; emergency contraception counseling and provision; and HIV testing and prophylaxis. The primary outcome was extent of provision of these elements. Results Overall, 582 emergency departments responded to the survey. The following components of CMCM were provided: acute medical care (582 [100.0%]); rape crisis counseling (234 [40.2%]); STI management (448 [77.0%]); emergency contraception (351 [60.3%]); and HIV management (380 [65.3%]). Only 101 (17.4%) hospitals provided all 10 elements of CMCM. Conclusion Less than one-fifth of US hospitals provide comprehensive services to sexual assault patients. A national program incorporating clinical guidelines, checklists, and funding for sexual assault forensic/nurse examiner programs could improve the standard of care provided in emergency departments - the primary point of contact for acute care of sexual assault survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-28
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume123
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Emergency contraception
  • Emergency departments
  • HIV/STI testing and prophylaxis
  • Mental health counseling
  • Sexual assault
  • Sexual assault forensic/nurse examiner programs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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