Assessing validity of retrospective recall of physical activity in individuals with psychosis-like experiences

Nicole D. Andorko, Pamela Rakhshan-Rouhakhtar, Caroline Hinkle, Vijay A. Mittal, Maureen McAllister, Jordan DeVylder, Jason Schiffman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Psychosis-like experiences are present in the general population and may indicate risk for more severe forms of psychosis. They are associated with cognitive impairments, potentially impacting ability to accurately complete certain self-report measures. This study investigated whether the presence of psychosis-like experiences was associated with impairments in retrospective reports of physical activity, a measure salient to this population, by comparing post-study questionnaire data on activity level with reports of activity contemporaneously collected through ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Participants (n = 39) were 18–25 years of age and recruited via stratified sampling to maximize representation of a full psychosis-like experience spectrum. Mobile questionnaires were sent six times a day for one week, and included questions probing amount and intensity of activity. Upon completion of the EMA week, participants completed a retrospective recall of the past week's activity. High levels of psychosis-like experiences were associated with poorer recall for past sedentary behavior as evidenced by the moderating effect of psychosis-like experiences on the relation between retrospective and in vivo measured sedentary activity (interaction effect: b = −0.26, t(1) = −2.04, p = 0.05, f 2 = 0.08). Findings call into question the validity of retrospective self-reporting of activity level for those experiencing psychosis-like experiences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-217
Number of pages7
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume273
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Psychotic Disorders
Aptitude
Self Report
Population

Keywords

  • Ecological momentary assessment
  • Measurement
  • Physical activity
  • Psychosis-like experiences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Andorko, Nicole D. ; Rakhshan-Rouhakhtar, Pamela ; Hinkle, Caroline ; Mittal, Vijay A. ; McAllister, Maureen ; DeVylder, Jordan ; Schiffman, Jason. / Assessing validity of retrospective recall of physical activity in individuals with psychosis-like experiences. In: Psychiatry Research. 2019 ; Vol. 273. pp. 211-217.
@article{530e1c4be3ee48a0840d7f40ef897f83,
title = "Assessing validity of retrospective recall of physical activity in individuals with psychosis-like experiences",
abstract = "Psychosis-like experiences are present in the general population and may indicate risk for more severe forms of psychosis. They are associated with cognitive impairments, potentially impacting ability to accurately complete certain self-report measures. This study investigated whether the presence of psychosis-like experiences was associated with impairments in retrospective reports of physical activity, a measure salient to this population, by comparing post-study questionnaire data on activity level with reports of activity contemporaneously collected through ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Participants (n = 39) were 18–25 years of age and recruited via stratified sampling to maximize representation of a full psychosis-like experience spectrum. Mobile questionnaires were sent six times a day for one week, and included questions probing amount and intensity of activity. Upon completion of the EMA week, participants completed a retrospective recall of the past week's activity. High levels of psychosis-like experiences were associated with poorer recall for past sedentary behavior as evidenced by the moderating effect of psychosis-like experiences on the relation between retrospective and in vivo measured sedentary activity (interaction effect: b = −0.26, t(1) = −2.04, p = 0.05, f 2 = 0.08). Findings call into question the validity of retrospective self-reporting of activity level for those experiencing psychosis-like experiences.",
keywords = "Ecological momentary assessment, Measurement, Physical activity, Psychosis-like experiences",
author = "Andorko, {Nicole D.} and Pamela Rakhshan-Rouhakhtar and Caroline Hinkle and Mittal, {Vijay A.} and Maureen McAllister and Jordan DeVylder and Jason Schiffman",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.029",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "273",
pages = "211--217",
journal = "Psychiatry Research",
issn = "0165-1781",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

Andorko, ND, Rakhshan-Rouhakhtar, P, Hinkle, C, Mittal, VA, McAllister, M, DeVylder, J & Schiffman, J 2019, 'Assessing validity of retrospective recall of physical activity in individuals with psychosis-like experiences', Psychiatry Research, vol. 273, pp. 211-217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.029

Assessing validity of retrospective recall of physical activity in individuals with psychosis-like experiences. / Andorko, Nicole D.; Rakhshan-Rouhakhtar, Pamela; Hinkle, Caroline; Mittal, Vijay A.; McAllister, Maureen; DeVylder, Jordan; Schiffman, Jason.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 273, 03.2019, p. 211-217.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing validity of retrospective recall of physical activity in individuals with psychosis-like experiences

AU - Andorko, Nicole D.

AU - Rakhshan-Rouhakhtar, Pamela

AU - Hinkle, Caroline

AU - Mittal, Vijay A.

AU - McAllister, Maureen

AU - DeVylder, Jordan

AU - Schiffman, Jason

PY - 2019/3

Y1 - 2019/3

N2 - Psychosis-like experiences are present in the general population and may indicate risk for more severe forms of psychosis. They are associated with cognitive impairments, potentially impacting ability to accurately complete certain self-report measures. This study investigated whether the presence of psychosis-like experiences was associated with impairments in retrospective reports of physical activity, a measure salient to this population, by comparing post-study questionnaire data on activity level with reports of activity contemporaneously collected through ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Participants (n = 39) were 18–25 years of age and recruited via stratified sampling to maximize representation of a full psychosis-like experience spectrum. Mobile questionnaires were sent six times a day for one week, and included questions probing amount and intensity of activity. Upon completion of the EMA week, participants completed a retrospective recall of the past week's activity. High levels of psychosis-like experiences were associated with poorer recall for past sedentary behavior as evidenced by the moderating effect of psychosis-like experiences on the relation between retrospective and in vivo measured sedentary activity (interaction effect: b = −0.26, t(1) = −2.04, p = 0.05, f 2 = 0.08). Findings call into question the validity of retrospective self-reporting of activity level for those experiencing psychosis-like experiences.

AB - Psychosis-like experiences are present in the general population and may indicate risk for more severe forms of psychosis. They are associated with cognitive impairments, potentially impacting ability to accurately complete certain self-report measures. This study investigated whether the presence of psychosis-like experiences was associated with impairments in retrospective reports of physical activity, a measure salient to this population, by comparing post-study questionnaire data on activity level with reports of activity contemporaneously collected through ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Participants (n = 39) were 18–25 years of age and recruited via stratified sampling to maximize representation of a full psychosis-like experience spectrum. Mobile questionnaires were sent six times a day for one week, and included questions probing amount and intensity of activity. Upon completion of the EMA week, participants completed a retrospective recall of the past week's activity. High levels of psychosis-like experiences were associated with poorer recall for past sedentary behavior as evidenced by the moderating effect of psychosis-like experiences on the relation between retrospective and in vivo measured sedentary activity (interaction effect: b = −0.26, t(1) = −2.04, p = 0.05, f 2 = 0.08). Findings call into question the validity of retrospective self-reporting of activity level for those experiencing psychosis-like experiences.

KW - Ecological momentary assessment

KW - Measurement

KW - Physical activity

KW - Psychosis-like experiences

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059938330&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85059938330&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.029

DO - 10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.029

M3 - Article

C2 - 30658204

AN - SCOPUS:85059938330

VL - 273

SP - 211

EP - 217

JO - Psychiatry Research

JF - Psychiatry Research

SN - 0165-1781

ER -