Assessment and treatment of movement disorders in children with cerebral palsy

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35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cerebral palsy is the most common motor disability in childhood. Orthopedic care depends on the appreciation and the identification of muscle tone abnormalities and how they affect growth and development of the child. Abnormal muscle tone is a common diagnostic feature of cerebral palsy and can include hypotonia or hypertonia. Hypertonia is the most frequent tone abnormality in children with cerebral palsy. This article reviews hypertonia and provides information on discriminating between spasticity, dystonia, and rigidity. Medication and neurosurgical options for the management of hypertonia are presented and compared.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)507-517
Number of pages11
JournalOrthopedic Clinics of North America
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010

Keywords

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Dystonia
  • Management
  • Pediatric
  • Spasticity
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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