A key concept in any psychological process is the assessment of the appropriateness of the need for any intervention. As such, the application of assessment criteria in the psychological milieu requires an in-depth understanding of inter- and intrapersonal aspects, as well as the broader social, economic, political, and multicultural phenomena. To this end, this chapter explores the development of assessment techniques and the complex and unique approach required of the culturally intentional counselor. The adaptation of Western-based techniques in such a context, as well as the development of culturally specific assessment tools, requires that special attention is given to assessor competency, as well as ethical and legislative considerations. In this chapter, we seek to locate the process of assessment within a multicultural context. A brief history of the development of psychological assessment is presented. The concept of a multicultural approach to assessment, as well as assessor competency, highlights the need for assessor efficacy and training. Ethical implications of a multicultural assessment approach are discussed. The chapter concludes with suggestions for future research.
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