Assessment of knowledge and attitudes regarding automated external defibrillators and cardiopulmonary resuscitation among American University students

Brittany Bogle*, Sanjay Mehrotra, George Chiampas, Amer Z. Aldeen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim We sought to quantify knowledge and attitudes regarding automated external defibrillators (AEDs) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) among university students. We also aimed to determine awareness of the location of an actual AED on campus. Methods We performed an online survey of undergraduate and graduate students at a mid-sized, private university that has 37 AEDs located throughout its two campuses. Results 267 students responded to the survey. Almost all respondents could identify CPR (98.5%) and an AED (88.4%) from images, but only 46.1% and 18.4%, respectively, could indicate the basic mechanism of CPR and AEDs. About a quarter (28.1%) of respondents were comfortable using an AED without assistance, compared with 65.5% when offered assistance. Of those who did not feel comfortable, 87.7% indicated that they were 'afraid of doing something wrong.' One out of 6 (17.6%) respondents knew that a student centre had an AED, and only 2% could recall its precise location within the building. Most (66.3%) respondents indicated they would look for an AED near fire extinguishers, followed by the entrance of a building (19.6%). Conclusions This study found that most students at an American university can identify CPR and AEDs, but do not understand their basic mechanisms of action or are willing to perform CPR or use AEDs unassisted. Recent CPR/AED training and 9-1-1 assistance increases comfort. The most common fear reported was incorrect CPR or AED use. Almost all students could not recall where an AED was located in a student centre.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)837-841
Number of pages5
JournalEmergency Medicine Journal
Volume30
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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