Regional wall motion abnormalities are most often detected visually, and hence subjectively, in gated blood pool studies of the heart. Therefore, an automated method was developed to objectively assess regional left ventricular (LV) function. The method was tested in 26 normal volunteers and 29 patients with angiographically proved coronary artery disease. Fifteen patients with coronary artery disease had a normal LV ejection fraction (EF) at rest, and all had an abnormal EF response with exercise; 23 had visual regional wall motion abnormalities with rest or exercise. The left ventricle was divided into 28 sectors that radiated from the LV center of gravity, with 1 region at the LV center. A time-activity curve was generated for each sector and the EF and Fourier phase were computed from each curve. Rest and exercise sector EF versus sector number plots were superimposed and the area difference between these 2 curves was taken as an index of regional contraction. Similarly, an estimator of sector phase differences, obtained from the plot of phase versus sector number, was taken as an index of wall motion asynchrony. Analysis of the reliability of these 2 indexes suggests that this automated technique has at least the same efficiency as subjective evaluation of gated blood pool studies, but possesses the advantage of objectivity. The technique may also be useful in localizing regional defects and, perhaps, in detecting mild abnormalities not readily perceived visually.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine