Purpose: To examine the dependence of steady-state free-precession (SSFP) -based myocardial blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) contrast on field strength using theoretical and experimental models. Materials and Methods: Numerical simulations using a two-pool exchange model and a surgically prepared dog model were used to assess the SSFP-based myocardial BOLD signal changes at 1.5T and 3.0T. Experimental studies were performed in eight canines with pharmacological vasodilation under various levels of left circumflex coronary artery stenosis. Experimentally obtained BOLD signal changes were correlated against microsphere-based true flow changes. Results: Theoretical results showed that, at 3.0T, relative to 1.5T, a threefold increase in oxygen sensitivity can be expected. Experimental studies in canines showed near similar results - a 2.5 ± 0.2-fold increase in BOLD sensitivity at 3.0Trelative to 1.5T (P < 0.05). Based on the scatter gram of BOLD data and microsphere data, it was found that the minimum regional flow difference that can be detected with SSFP-based myocardial BOLD imaging at 1.5T and 3.0T were 2.9 and 1.6, respectively (P < 0.05). Conclusion: This study demonstrated that SSFP-based myocardial BOLD sensitivity is substantially greater at 3.0T compared with 1.5T. The findings here suggest that SSFP-based myocardial BOLD imaging at 3.0T may have the necessary sensitivity to detect the clinically required minimum flow difference of 2.0.
- BOLD MRI
- Coronary artery disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging