Assessment of treatment factors and clinical outcomes in cervical cancer in older women compared to women under 65 years old

Elisabeth J. Diver, Emily M. Hinchcliff, Allison A. Gockley, Alexander Melamed, Leah Contrino, Sarah Feldman, Whitfield B. Growdon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study aims to understand the treatment patterns and clinical outcomes of older women with cervical cancer compared to younger women. Methods: Women undergoing care for cervical cancer between 2000 and 2013 at two academic institutions were identified. The cohort of older patients was defined as >65 years old at diagnosis. Patient charts were retrospectively reviewed, and clinical variables were extracted. Fisher's exact tests, logistic regression, and Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed. Results: From 2000 to 2013 1119 women with cervical cancer were identified. Of these, 191 (17.0%) were >65 years old at the time of diagnosis. Older women were more likely to present with higher stage disease (p < 0.001). Controlling for stage, older women were less likely to undergo surgery during their treatment course (38% versus 70%, p < 0.001) and more likely to undergo radiation (77% versus 52%, p < 0.001), but no more likely to receive chemotherapy (p = 0.34). If they did undergo surgery, older women were less likely to have a pelvic lymph node dissection performed (41% versus 61%, p = 0.04), though the rate of positive pelvic lymph nodes was not different (p = 0.80). Overall survival was decreased in the older cohort (p < 0.001). A multivariate model identified age > 65 (HR 1.76, 95%CI 1.30–2.40), stage (HR 2.77, 95%CI 2.40–3.21), and ever undergoing surgery (HR 0.60, 95%CI 0.44–0.82) as independently associated with overall survival. Conclusions: Women over age 65 with cervical cancer are less likely to undergo surgical management and were observed to have a decreased overall survival, even when controlling for use of surgery and stage of disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)516-519
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Geriatric Oncology
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cervical carcinoma
  • Chemoradiation
  • Elderly
  • Radical hysterectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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