Background - This study sought to determine whether associations exist between perioperative glucose exposure, prolonged hospitalization, and morbid events after complex congenital heart surgery. Methods and Results - Metrics of glucose control, including average, peak, minimum, and SD of glucose levels, and duration of hyperglycemia were determined intraoperatively and for 72 hours after surgery for 378 consecutive high-risk cardiac surgical patients. Multivariable regression analyses were used to determine relationships between these metrics of glucose control, hospital length of stay, and a composite morbidity-mortality outcome after controlling for multiple variables known to influence early outcomes after congenital heart surgery. Intraoperatively, a minimum glucose ≤75 mg/dL was associated with greater adjusted odds of reaching the composite morbidity-mortality end point (odds ratio [OR], 3.10; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.49 to 6.48), but other metrics of glucose control were not associated with the composite end point or length of stay. Greater duration of hyperglycemia (glucose >126 mg/dL) during the 72 postoperative hours was associated with longer duration of hospitalization (P<0.001). In the 72 hours after surgery, average glucose <110 mg/dL (OR, 7.30; 95% CI, 1.95 to 27.25) or >143 mg/dL (OR, 5.21; 95% CI, 1.37 to 19.89), minimum glucose ≤75 mg/dL (OR, 2.85; 95% CI, 1.38 to 5.88), and peak glucose level ≥250 mg/dL (OR, 2.55; 95% CI, 1.20 to 5.43) were all associated with greater adjusted odds of reaching the composite morbidity-mortality end point. Conclusions - In children undergoing complex congenital heart surgery, the optimal postoperative glucose range may be 110 to 126 mg/dL. Randomized trials of strict glycemic control achieved with insulin infusions in this patient population are warranted.
- Cardiopulmonary bypass
- Heart defects, congenital
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)