Association between Patient-Prescriber Racial and Ethnic Concordance and Postpartum Pain and Opioid Prescribing

Nevert Badreldin*, Julia D. Ditosto, William A. Grobman, Lynn M. Yee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate whether patient-prescriber racial and ethnic concordance is associated with postpartum opioid prescribing patterns and patient-reported pain scores. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients who delivered at a tertiary care center between December 1, 2015 and November 30, 2016. Self-identified non-Hispanic white (NHW), non-Hispanic black (NHB), Hispanic, or Asian patients were included. Patient-prescriber pairs were categorized as racially and ethnically concordant if they shared the same racial and ethnic identity; the prescriber was defined as the obstetrical provider who was responsible for the postpartum discharge of the patient. Multivariable regression models controlling for demographic and clinical confounders were used to assess the relationship of patient-prescriber racial and ethnic concordance with receipt of an opioid prescription and patient-reported pain score at discharge. Results: Of 10,242 patients included in this analysis, 62.3% identified as NHW, 19.1% Hispanic, 9.7% NHB, and 8.9% Asian. About half (52.8%) of patients were discharged by a racially and ethnically concordant prescriber. Patient-prescriber racial and ethnic concordance was not associated with receipt of an opioid prescription (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.82, confidence interval [95% CI] 0.67-1.00) or reporting a pain score ≥5 (aOR 0.90, 95% CI 0.69-1.16). However, NHB and Hispanic patients were less likely to receive an opioid prescription (aOR 0.73, 95% CI 0.56-0.95; aOR 0.73, 95% CI 0.57-0.92, respectively) and significantly more likely to report a pain score ≥5 (aOR 2.13, 95% CI 1.51-3.00; aOR 1.48 95% CI 1.08-2.01, respectively) than NHW patients, even when accounting for concordance. Conclusion: Disparities in postpartum opioid prescribing and pain perception are not ameliorated by patient-prescriber racial and ethnic concordance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-205
Number of pages8
JournalHealth Equity
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022

Keywords

  • pain management
  • postpartum opioid
  • postpartum pain
  • racial concordance
  • racial disparities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Information Management

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