Association between plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 in young adulthood and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in midlife: CARDIA

Patrick T. Campbell, Lisa B. VanWagner, Laura A. Colangelo, Cora E. Lewis, Anne Henkel, Veeral H. Ajmera, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Douglas E. Vaughan, Sadiya S. Khan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Prior studies have demonstrated a cross-sectional association between elevated plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) levels and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, there are no prospective longitudinal assessments of the association between PAI-1 and NAFLD. We aimed to describe the association between PAI-1 levels in early adulthood with NAFLD in midlife. Methods: Among the 5115 participants in the coronary artery risk development in young adults (CARDIA) study, participants were randomly selected from a subset that was free of obesity, diabetes and hypertension at the 1992-1993 exam and attended the 2005-2006 exam (n = 996). A subset of participants (n = 896) also had CT liver fat measured (2010-2011). Participants with secondary causes of steatosis were excluded (n = 87). NAFLD was defined as liver attenuation ≤51 Hounsfield units. Logistic regression models assessed the association between PAI-1 and NAFLD. Results: Of 809 participants, 53% were female, 37% black with a mean age of 32 years. Median PAI-1 level at 1st assessment (1992-1993) was 23.4 ng/mL among participants with NAFLD vs 11.9 ng/mL among those without NAFLD (P '.0001). Median PAI-1 level at 2nd assessment (2005-2006) was 55.6 ng/mL among participants with NAFLD vs 19.5 ng/mL among those without NAFLD (P '.0001). Higher PAI-1 levels were independently associated with NAFLD (1st assessment adjusted OR [AOR] 2.16 per 1 standard deviation higher log(PAI-1) level (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.63-2.85); 2nd assessment AOR 2.71 (95% CI 2.03-3.61)). Conclusions: Plasma PAI-1 levels in young adulthood were independently associated with NAFLD in midlife. Further studies may indicate whether PAI-1 plays a role in NAFLD pathophysiology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1111-1120
Number of pages10
JournalLiver International
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020

Keywords

  • computed tomography
  • hepatic
  • metabolic syndrome
  • obesity
  • steatosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Association between plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 in young adulthood and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in midlife: CARDIA'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this