Association between rectal optical signatures and colonic neoplasia: Potential applications for screening

Hemant K. Roy, Vladimir Turzhitsky, Young Kim, Michael J. Goldberg, Patrice Watson, Jeremy D. Rogers, Andrew J. Gomes, Alexey Kromine, Randall E. Brand, Mohammed Jameel, Andrej Bogovejic, Prabhakar Pradhan, Vadim Backman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Field carcinogenesis detection represents a promising means for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, although current techniques (e.g., flexible sigmoidoscopy) lack the requisite sensitivity. The novel optical technology low-coherence enhanced backscattering (LEBS) spectroscopy, allows identification of microscale architectural consequences of the field carcinogenesis in preclinical CRC models with unprecedented accuracy. To investigate the potential clinical translatability of this approach, we obtained biopsies from the normalappearing rectal mucosa from patients undergoing colonoscopy (n = 219). LEBS signals were recorded through a bench-top instrument. Four parameters characterizing LEBS signal were linearly combined into a single marker. We found that LEBS signal parameters generally mirrored neoplasia progression from patients with no neoplasia, to 5 to 9 mm adenoma and to advanced adenomas. The composite LEBS marker calculated from the LEBS signal paralleled this risk status (ANOVA P < 0.001). Moreover, this was independent of CRC risk factors, benign colonic findings, or clinically unimportant lesions (diminutive adenomas, hyperplastic polyps). For advanced adenomas, the LEBS marker had a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 80%, and area under the receiver operator characteristic curve of 0.895. Leave-oneout cross-validation and an independent data set (n = 51) supported the robustness of these findings. In conclusion, we provide the first demonstration that LEBS-detectable alterations in the endoscopically normal rectum were associated with the presence of neoplasia located elsewhere in the colon. This study provides the proof of concept that rectal LEBS analysis may potentially provide a minimally intrusive CRC screening technique. Further studies with an endoscopically compatible fiber optic probe are under way for multicenter clinical validation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4476-4483
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Research
Volume69
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Roy, H. K., Turzhitsky, V., Kim, Y., Goldberg, M. J., Watson, P., Rogers, J. D., Gomes, A. J., Kromine, A., Brand, R. E., Jameel, M., Bogovejic, A., Pradhan, P., & Backman, V. (2009). Association between rectal optical signatures and colonic neoplasia: Potential applications for screening. Cancer Research, 69(10), 4476-4483. https://doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-4780