Association of chemokine-mediated block to HIV entry with coreceptor internalization

Stephanie M. Brandt, Roberto Mariani, Anne U. Holland, Thomas J. Hope, Nathaniel R. Landau*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chemokines inhibit entry of HIV into CD4+ T cells more effectively than into macrophages or transfected adherent cells. Here, we tested whether chemokine receptor internalization could account for cell type differences in the effectiveness of chemokines. Infection of CEM T cells expressing stably transduced wild-type CCR5 was much more readily inhibited by chemokine than were transduced HOS cells. This response correlated with the efficiency of CCR5 internalization. A mutated CCR5, termed M7-CCR5, in which the Ser/Thr phosphorylation sites in the cytoplasmic tail were changed to Ala, did not internalize in response to MIP-1α. M7-CCR5 was expressed at slightly higher levels than wild-type on stably transduced cell lines and was somewhat more potent as an HIV-1 coreceptor. The mutated receptor mobilized intracellular Ca2+ in response to chemokine to a level 4-fold higher than did the wild type CCR5. Unexpectedly, the receptor was desensitized as efficiently as wild type, suggesting that desensitization does not require cytoplasmic tail phosphorylation. Entry of R5 HIV-1 reporter virus into cells stably expressing M7-CCR5 was largely resistant to blocking by MIP-1α. As much as 80% of entry inhibition was attributed to receptor internalization. Aminooxypentane (AOP)-MIP-1α was able to induce a low level of M7-CCR5 internalization in HOS and to weakly inhibit HIV-1 entry. Introduction of dominant negative dynamin into HOS cells reduced the ability of chemokine to inhibit infection. The inefficiency of internalization of chemokine receptors in some cell types could allow virus to replicate in vivo in the presence of endogenous chemokine. Last, M7-CCR5 is a useful tool for discriminating coreceptor internalization from binding site masking in the evaluation of small molecule inhibitors of HIV-1 entry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17291-17299
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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