Association of chromosome 1q gain with inferior survival in favorable-histology Wilms tumor: A report from the Children's Oncology Group

Eric J. Gratias, Jeffrey S. Dome, Lawrence J. Jennings, Yueh Yun Chi, Jing Tian, James Anderson, Paul Grundy, Elizabeth A. Mullen, James I. Geller, Conrad V. Fernandez, Elizabeth J. Perlman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The goal of this study was to analyze the association of copy number gain of 1q in favorable-histology Wilms tumors (FHWTs) with event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) within each tumor stage and with 1p and 16q copy number loss and/or loss of heterozygosity. Methods: Unilateral FHWTs from 1,114 patients enrolled in National Wilms Tumor Study-5 that were informative for 1p and 16q microsatellite markers (previously determined) and informative for 1q gain, 1p loss, and 16q loss using multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification were analyzed. Results: Eight-year EFS was 86% (95% CI, 84% to 88%) for the entire cohort. Of 1,114 patients, 317 tumors (28%) displayed 1q gain. Eight-year EFS was 77% for those with 1q gain and 90% for those lacking 1q gain (P < .001). Eight-year OS was 88% for those with 1q gain and 96% for those lacking 1q gain (P < .001). Within each disease stage, 1q gain was associated with inferior EFS (stage I, 85% v 95%; P = .0052; stage II, 81% v 87%; P = .0775; stage III, 79% v 89%; P = .01; stage IV, 64% v 91%; P = .001). OS was significantly inferior in patients with stage I (P < .0015) and stage IV disease (P = .011). With multivariable analysis, 1q gain was associated with an increased relative risk of relapse of 2.4 (P < .001), whereas 1p loss was not, despite significance on univariable analysis. Conclusion: Gain of 1q is associated with inferior survival in unilateral FHWTs and may be used to guide risk stratification in future studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3189-3194
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume34
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 10 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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