Association of CNVs with methylation variation

Xinghua Shi, Saranya Radhakrishnan, Jia Wen, Jin Yun Chen, Junjie Chen, Brianna Ashlyn Lam, Ryan E. Mills, Barbara E. Stranger, Charles Lee, Sunita R. Setlur*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Germline copy number variants (CNVs) and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) form the basis of inter-individual genetic variation. Although the phenotypic effects of SNPs have been extensively investigated, the effects of CNVs is relatively less understood. To better characterize mechanisms by which CNVs affect cellular phenotype, we tested their association with variable CpG methylation in a genome-wide manner. Using paired CNV and methylation data from the 1000 genomes and HapMap projects, we identified genome-wide associations by methylation quantitative trait locus (mQTL) analysis. We found individual CNVs being associated with methylation of multiple CpGs and vice versa. CNV-associated methylation changes were correlated with gene expression. CNV-mQTLs were enriched for regulatory regions, transcription factor-binding sites (TFBSs), and were involved in long-range physical interactions with associated CpGs. Some CNV-mQTLs were associated with methylation of imprinted genes. Several CNV-mQTLs and/or associated genes were among those previously reported by genome-wide association studies (GWASs). We demonstrate that germline CNVs in the genome are associated with CpG methylation. Our findings suggest that structural variation together with methylation may affect cellular phenotype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number41
Journalnpj Genomic Medicine
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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