Association of hospital admission service structure with early transfer to critical care, hospital readmission, and length of stay

G. Randy Smith*, Madeleine Ma, Luke O Hansen, Nick Christensen, Kevin J. O'Leary

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hospital medical groups use various staffing models that may systematically affect care continuity during the admission process. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of 2 hospitalist admission service models (“general” and “admitter-rounder”) on patient disposition and length of stay. DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study with difference-in-difference analysis. SETTING: Large tertiary academic medical center in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (n = 19,270) admitted from the emergency department to hospital medicine and medicine teaching services from July 2010 to June 2013. INTERVENTIONS: Admissions to hospital medicine staffed by 2 different service models, compared to teaching service admissions. MEASUREMENTS: Incidence of transfer to critical care within the first 24 hours of hospitalization, hospital and emergency department length of stay, and hospital readmission rates ≤30 days postdischarge. RESULTS: The change of hospitalist services to an admitter-rounder model was associated with no significant change in transfer to critical care or hospital length of stay compared to the teaching service (difference-in-difference P = 0.32 and P = 0.87, respectively). The admitter-rounder model was associated with decreased readmissions compared to the teaching service on difference-in-difference analysis (odds ratio difference: −0.21, P = 0.01). Adoption of the hospitalist admitter-rounder model was associated with an increased emergency department length of stay compared to the teaching service (difference of +0.49 hours, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Rates of transfer to intensive care and overall hospital length of stay between the hospitalist admission models did not differ significantly. The hospitalist admitter-rounder admission service structure was associated with extended emergency department length of stay and a decrease in readmissions. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2016;11:669–674.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)669-674
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of hospital medicine
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management
  • Internal Medicine
  • Fundamentals and skills
  • Health Policy
  • Care Planning
  • Assessment and Diagnosis

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