Objectives: Short-term and long-term morbidity and mortality are common following pediatric critical illness. Severe organ dysfunction is associated with significant in-hospital mortality in critically ill children; however, the performance of pediatric organ dysfunction scores as predictors of functional outcomes after critical illness has not been previously assessed. Design: Secondary analysis of a prospective observational cohort. Setting: A multidisciplinary, tertiary, academic PICU. Patients: Patients less than or equal to 18 years old admitted between June 2012 and August 2012. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: The maximum pediatric Sequential Organ Failure Assessment and Pediatric Logistic Organ Dysfunction-2 scores during admission were calculated. The Functional Status Scale score was obtained at baseline, 6 months and 3 years following discharge. New morbidity was defined as a change in Functional Status Scale greater than or equal to 3 points from baseline. The performance of organ dysfunction scores at discriminating new morbidity or mortality at 6 months and 3 years was measured using the area under the curve. Seventy-three patients met inclusion criteria. Fourteen percent had new morbidity or mortality at 6 months and 23% at 3 years. The performance of the maximum pediatric Sequential Organ Failure Assessment and Pediatric Logistic Organ Dysfunction-2 scores at discriminating new morbidity or mortality was excellent at 6 months (areas under the curves 0.9 and 0.88, respectively) and good at 3 years (0.82 and 0.79, respectively). Conclusions: Severity of organ dysfunction is associated with longitudinal change in functional status and short-term and long-term development of new morbidity and mortality. Maximum pediatric Sequential Organ Failure Assessment and Pediatric Logistic Organ Dysfunction-2 scores during critical illness have good to excellent performance at predicting new morbidity or mortality up to 3 years after critical illness. Use of these pediatric organ dysfunction scores may be helpful for prognostication of longitudinal functional outcomes in critically ill children.
- critical care outcomes
- functional status score
- organ dysfunction scores
- pediatric intensive care units
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine