BACKGROUND: NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) is widely used to diagnose and manage patients with heart failure. We aimed to investigate associations between NT-proBNP levels and development of global and regional myo-cardial impairment, dyssynchrony, and risk of developing myocardial scar over time. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 2416 adults (45–84 years) without baseline clinical cardiovascular disease from MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis). NT-proBNP was assessed at baseline (2000–2002). Cardiac magnetic resonance– measured left ventricular parameters were assessed at baseline and year 10 (2010–2012). Tagged cardiac magnetic resonance and myocardial dyssynchrony were assessed. We used linear and logistic regression models to study the relationships between quartiles of NT-proBNP levels and outcome variables. Left ventricular parameters decreased over time. After 10-year follow-up and adjusting for cardiovascular disease risk factors, people in the highest quartile had significantly greater decline in left ventricular ejection fraction (−1.60%; 95% CI, −2.26 to −0.94; P<0.01) and smaller decline in left ventricular end systolic volume index (−0.47 mL/m2; 95% CI, −1.18 to 0.23; P<0.01) compared with those in the lowest quartile. Individuals in the highest quartile had more severe risk factor adjusted global, mid, and apical regional dyssynchrony compared with those in the lowest, second, and third quartiles (all P-trend<0.05). Compared with the lowest-quartile group, the adjusted odds ratios for having myocardial scar was 1.3 (95% CI, 0.7–2.2) for quartile 2; 1.2 (95% CI, 0.6–2.3) for quartile 3; and 2.7 (95% CI, 1.4–5.5) for quartile 4 (P-trend=0.012) for the total sample. CONCLUSIONS: Among participants without baseline clinical cardiovascular disease, higher baseline NT-proBNP concentration was significantly associated with subclinical changes in developing myocardial dysfunction, more severe cardiac dyssyn-chrony, and higher odds of having myocardial scar over a 10-year period independent of traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors.
- Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
- Longitudinal study
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine